Radiotherapist--A physician with special training in the use of X-ray energy for the treatment of cancer.
Radiotherapy--Treatment of cancer with high-energy radiation. Radiation therapy may be used to reduce the size of a cancer before surgery, or to destroy any remaining cancer cells after surgery. Radiotherapy can be helpful in shrinking recurrent cancers to relieve symptoms.
Rectum--The last five to six inches of the colon leading to the anus.
Recurrence (Local)--Reappearance of cancer at its original site after a period of remission.
Regional Involvement--The spread of cancer from its original site to nearby surrounding areas. Regional cancers are confined to one location in the body.
Rehabilitation--Programs that help patients adjust and return to a full productive life. Rehabilitation may involve physical restoration, such as the use of prostheses, counseling and emotional support. (See Prosthesis)
Relapse--The reappearance of cancer after a disease-free period.
Remission--Complete or partial disappearance of the signs and symptoms of disease in response to treatment. The period during which a disease is under control. A remission, however, is not necessarily a cure.
Risk Factor--Anything that increases an individual's chance of getting a disease, such as cancer. For example, the major risk factor for lung cancer is cigarette smoking. The major risk factor for skin cancer is overexposure to the sun.
Risk Reduction--Those techniques used to reduce the chances of developing cancer. For example, low-fat diets may help reduce the risk of breast cancer.
Jan 31, 2013 - Early palliative care clinic visits, integrated with standard oncologic care for patients with metastatic lung cancer, emphasize symptom management, coping, and psychosocial aspects of illness, according to research published online Jan. 28 in JAMA Internal Medicine.
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Apr 30, 2012