Lymphedema and Exercise FAQs

Andrea Branas, MSE, MPT, CLT & Joy Cohn, PT, DPT, CLT
Good Shepherd Penn Partners
Last Modified: March 21, 2016

Yes, exercise is safe with lymphedema as long as you pay attention to a few basic principles. If you have lymphedema you should exercise wearing your compression bandages or your compression garments.

No. Research has shown us that in women with breast cancer related lymphedema, exercise is safe. In fact, women who participated in a supervised, slowly progressive weight lifting program had a 50% reduction in the likelihood of lymphedema flares during the time of the study. The research to find out how exercise effects lower extremity lymphedema has not yet been done. This is an area where researchers will be looking in the future. However, our best evidence shows us that exercise will not make lymphedema worse.

The compression garments, or bandages, increase the efficiency of the muscle pumps in moving the fluid from your limb(s), trunk, or face. Without the compression, the increased circulation and increased production of lymph fluid will collect in the areas that are lymphedematous, or swollen.

First, get clearance from your healthcare provider that it is okay to begin exercising.

Then begin slowly with no weight, doing active range of motion exercises.

Your exercise should be:

  • Low intensity.
  • Pain free.
  • Within the guidelines for the surgical procedures you may have had.
  • Done while wearing compression bandages or garments.
  • Enjoyable!

Your exercise program should include the following:

  • Stretching – to increase the range of motion at joints that are tight.
  • Strengthening – to improve muscle performance and strength.
  • Endurance – to improve the efficiency of the heart, lungs, and muscles.

Set parameters for exercise:

Intensity – target heart rate for aerobic, endurance exercise. Time of day – set a time of day that works best for you. Try to be consistent with the time so that it becomes part of your daily routine.

Vary your exercise routine, for example:

Strength and flexibility training every other day Aerobic exercise on the days you don't do strength and flexibility Find someone to exercise with you – it's more enjoyable that way Incorporate deep breathing and posture into your exercise.

Aerobic exercise is any exercise that you do for a continuous period of time at your target heart rate, with the goal of attaining 25 – 30 minutes of exercise. Start slowly and gradually build up the amount of time you are exercising until you reach 25 – 30 minutes. You should be able to complete the exercise without being short of breath, overly fatigued, or sore.

Examples include: continuous walking or walking on a treadmill, riding a bicycle or a stationary bicycle, jogging, swimming or walking laps in the pool with water above waist height, going up and down a flight of stairs, exercising on a stepper or an elliptical machine.

Target Heart Rates for Exercise:

20–30 years old

31–40 years old

41–50 years old

51–60 years old

61 or older

120 – 140 beats per minute

114 – 138 beats per minute

110 – 132 beats per minute

106 – 126 beats per minute

110 – 120 beats per minute

You will likely experience some muscle soreness at first that will resolve after a few days as your body gets used to the new activity. Pay attention to what your body is telling you and do not push yourself to the point of over fatigue. Your health care provider can help you start an exercise program that is appropriate for your level of conditioning. The important thing to remember is that you need to start out with low levels of exercise and gradually increase the intensity and length of time of your exercise as you get stronger and more conditioned. If you notice increased, persistent swelling after exercise, you may have done too much. Remember, you need to start with small amounts and build gradually.

Some people prefer to start an exercise program under the guidance of a physical therapist or exercise professional. If you have any concerns about starting an exercise program on your own, talk to your doctor about a referral to a physical therapist or work with a qualified exercise professional.

Physical Therapists with specialized training as Certified Lymphedema Therapists are the best people to work with you. Some facilities have specific programs designed to address the needs of people with lymphedema.

Have fun! Enjoy your new level of activity! Notice your new level of energy!

Schmitz K.H., Troxel A.B., Cheville A., Grant L.L., Bryan C.J., Gross C., Lytle L.A., Ahmed R.L. Physical Activity and Lymphedema (The PAL Trial): Assessing the safety of progressive strength training in breast cancer survivors. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 30(3):233-45, 2009

Frequently Asked Questions