Intensive intervention more effective than minimal care for peripheral artery disease patients
Friday, December 10, 2010 (Last Updated: 12/13/2010)
FRIDAY, Dec. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Participation in an intensive smoking cessation program tailored to help people with peripheral artery disease (PAD) appears to be an effective alternative to minimal care, according to research published in the Dec. 14/21 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
Deborah Hennrikus, Ph.D., of the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis, and colleagues randomly assigned 124 cigarette smokers with lower extremity PAD to an intensive, tailored PAD-specific counseling intervention or minimal intervention.
The researchers found that, at six months' follow-up, participants in the intensive intervention group, who had a median 8.5 sessions with a counselor, were significantly more likely to have quit smoking, at 21.3 percent compared with 6.8 percent in the minimal intervention group.
"Many long-term smokers with PAD are willing to initiate a serious quit attempt and to engage in an intensive smoking cessation program. Intensive intervention for tobacco dependence is a more effective smoking cessation intervention than minimal care. Studies should be conducted to examine the long-term effectiveness of intensive smoking cessation programs in this population to examine the effect of this intervention on clinical outcomes related to PAD," the authors write.
One author disclosed financial ties to Abbott Vascular.
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