Monday, January 26, 2009
MONDAY, Jan. 26 (HealthDay News) -- There were an estimated 443,000 deaths a year from 2000 to 2004 attributable to smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke in the United States, according to a report published in the Jan. 23 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
Bishwa B. Adhikari, Ph.D., and colleagues at the CDC's National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion in Atlanta, report on state-specific average annual smoking-attributable mortality from 2000 to 2004 and also compare the data with 1996 to 1999 figures.
The average annual number of smoking-attributable deaths in adults over 35 years of age differed widely from state to state, ranging from 36,687 in California to 492 in Alaska, the data revealed. Utah, Hawaii and Minnesota recorded the lowest average annual smoking-attributable mortality rates per 100,000 population, while Kentucky, West Virginia and Nevada recorded the highest rates, the investigators found. There was evidence of some success in reducing smoking prevalence, as rates declined nationwide in 2000 to 2004 compared with 1996 to 1999, the researchers note, but for women there was a decline in the rate of deaths in only 32 states.
"To reduce smoking-attributable mortality rates further, comprehensive evidence-based approaches for preventing smoking initiation and increasing cessation need to be implemented fully, and states should fund tobacco control activities at the level recommended by CDC," the authors write.
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