Cancer News
OncoLink Cancer News - HealthDay


Lower Cancer Fatalism Tied to Increased Cancer Screening

Tuesday, September 27, 2011 (Last Updated: 09/28/2011)

TUESDAY, Sept. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Better self-rated health and lower cancer fatalism are associated with greater participation in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening in England, and mediate the effect of socioeconomic status (SES) on fecal occult blood test (FOBt) uptake, according to a study published online Sept. 27 in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

Anne Miles, Ph.D., from Birkbeck University of London, and colleagues identified the psychological predictors of CRC screening and the factors affecting the associations between uptake and SES among a population cohort of 529 adults (aged 60 to 69 years) in England. Data for attitudes toward health and cancer fear were collected by postal surveys (2005 to 2006), which were then linked with data on FOBt uptake recorded at the screening hub in 2007.

The investigators found that screening uptake was 56 percent and was higher in individuals with higher SES, better self-rated health, higher self-efficacy beliefs, and lower cancer fatalism. For 515 participants with complete data, better self-rated health and lower cancer fatalism were directly correlated with higher FOBt screening uptake, and significantly mediated the association of SES to uptake. Lower depression had an indirect effect on uptake via better self-rated health, and the association between SES and uptake was not mediated by efficacy beliefs.

"SES differences in uptake of FOBt in England are partially explained by differences in cancer fatalism, self-rated health, and depression," the authors write.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Specialties Hematology & Oncology
Pharmacy
Pathology
Nursing
Family Practice
Internal Medicine

Copyright © 2011 HealthDay. All rights reserved.


I Wish You Knew

Benefits of yoga during cancer treatment

View More



Blogs and Web Chats

OncoLink Blogs give our readers a chance to react to and comment on key cancer news topics and provides a forum for OncoLink Experts and readers to share opinions and learn from each other.




OncoLink OncoPilot

Facing a new cancer diagnosis or changing the course of your current treatment? Let our cancer nurses help you through!

Learn More