The Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania
Last Modified: May 2, 2011
If radiation treatment is an option, a visit will be scheduled with a radiation oncologist at the Ruth and Raymond Perelman Center for Advanced Medicine.
This first visit is to:
On this first visit, you may be asked to bring X-rays, laboratory tests, and pathology slides for the radiation oncologist to review. Depending on your situation, the visit will take one to several hours. During the visit, a history and physical exam will be done by the radiation oncologist. The radiation oncologist may also discuss their findings with other members of the team, such as your medical oncologist at CHOP. This is to make sure that your child receives the best possible care.
At the end of the visit, your doctor will review the role of radiation treatment. If radiation therapy is to be given, all treatments will be in the Radiation Oncology Department at the Perelman Center.
If radiation treatment is to be given, the doctor will review the plan, the reasons for the treatment, and the possible risks and side effects. There will be plenty of time during this visit for you to understand the treatment and related issues. All of your questions and concerns will be answered.
It is a good idea to bring a family member or friend with you to this first visit. It can be difficult to remember everything the doctor says or to know every question to ask. Family and friends may be able to help you during the visit and have their own questions answered.
You will be asked to sign a consent form once you have a full understanding of the treatment including:
Before you sign the consent form, it is important that you are comfortable with the information that you have been given. Your signature means that you have received the information and that you are willing to have your child treated with radiation.
Even after you have signed the consent, your doctor is always there to answer new questions or to give more information. You can withdraw your consent at any time, for any reason.
At the end of the simulation visit, it may be necessary to put marks —called tattoos — on your child. This is to show the treatment area. Thesemarks will be very small and not that noticeable. They are dots, about thesize of a pinpoint or freckle. They are made using India ink. Not everyoneneeds tattoos.
Placing the tattoos may cause some discomfort. The discomfort willnot last long. The tattoos are permanent, they won't ever go away. Havingthe tattoos allows for bathing without having to worry that the marks willwash off.
After simulation and before treatment begins, the information is sent to radiation dosimetrists and medical physicists. These specialists perform highly technical calculations to set the treatment machine.
After the simulation and all the calculations have been done, you willhave your "set-up" and then treatment can begin. Set-up is the process ofgetting your child situated on the actual machine where their treatmentwill be given. The treatment machines (linear accelerators) look like thesimulator, but are larger. Your child will be placed on the table, in thesame position they were in during simulation. A set of images will betaken. These will be checked by your therapist and doctor.
After set-up, the therapist will talk with you about the daily treatmenttime. If your child is going to have general anesthesia, the treatment willbe first thing in the morning. If your child is not having anesthesia go topage 12. If your child is having anesthesia it is important that you read the instructions for General Anesthesia.
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Nov 1, 2010 - Radiation therapy appears to reduce recurrence rates when added to surgical treatment of rectal cancer and to increase survival when added to medical management of prostate cancer, and a highly targeted radiation approach may reduce gastrointestinal complications associated with prostate cancer treatment, according to three studies to be presented at the annual meeting of the American Society for Radiation Oncology, held from Oct. 31 to Nov. 4 in San Diego.
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