Gynecologic Cancer-Abdominal Surgery: Preparing for Your Surgery
Cathy Dorazio-Schantz BSN, RNC, Cynthia L. Griffo RN, MS
The Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania
Last Modified: September 8, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without permission in writing from the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania
Most women facing gynecological cancer surgery have some fear and anxiety. This sheet will answer common questions and tell you what to expect. This is general information on what will happen before, during and after your surgery. Everyone is different. The care you get from your doctor and nurses will change to meet your needs. Please ask your health care team questions whenever you need to.
Physical Exam and Testing Before Your Surgery
Before your surgery you will need a physical exam. This will be done in the hospital or doctor's office. A nurse or other medical person will ask you questions about your health. You will also be asked about allergies. Don't think any information or question is too small or embarrassing. It is best to let your medical team know about any concerns you have and to ask questions.
You will have tests done to check your blood. Your doctor may also order a chest x-ray and electrocardiogram (EKG). During this visit, you will be given instructions about what you'll need to do before your surgery.
It's a good idea to ask your surgeon about any medicines you are taking. Some medicines cause bleeding during surgery. Most of these medicines are listed below. If you are taking any of these, talk to your surgeon to see if you should stop taking them before your surgery:
- Drugs that contain Aspirin (Anacin , Bufferin , Excedrin , Bayer , etc, Some Alka Seltzer cold products, Ascriptin , Darvon , Ecotrin , Fiorinal , Midol , Percodan , Sine-off , Vanquish ).
- If you are taking any over the counter medication check the ingredients to see if it contains aspirin.
- Non-Steroidal Anti-inflammatory agents (Advil , Aleve , Anaprox Cataflam , Celocoxib, Clinoril , Dolobid , Feldene , Ibuprofen, Indocin , Medipren , Motrin , Midol (contains Ibuprofen), Nalfon , Naprosyn , Nurprin Refecoxib, Relafen , Rufen , Tolectin , Toradol , Trilisate , Voltarin ).
- Other medicines that may cause bleeding: Coumadin , Heparin, Persantine , Trental
- Be sure to let your doctor know of any herbal supplements you are taking. Some herbals have been found to act as blood thinners (gingko and garlic) or interact with medications.
Also, if you have any questions about your insurance coverage, feel free to speak with a hospital representative or your surgeon's staff during this visit.
Before your surgery, you will be asked to sign a consent form. This form makes sure that you understand the surgery and its risks.
Your surgeon will explain the surgery and its risks. Read your consent form carefully. It will have the following information:
- Type of surgery.
- Name of the doctor doing the surgery.
- Possible risks of the surgery.
- Other treatment options.
When you sign this form, it means you fully understand the type of surgery you will be having, as well as its risks and benefits.
Support on the Day of Surgery
It is a good idea to have a friend or family member with you on the day of surgery. This person can support you. You may not need physical help right after your surgery, but having someone you feel close to can make it easier. During your hospital stay, if you want a friend or relative to stay after visiting hours, talk with your nurse.
Arrangements for Going Home
You will need to have someone with you when you leave the hospital. Be sure to get a friend or relative to be with you at the time of discharge.
What to bring to the Hospital
You should pack such items as:
- Personal hygiene items such as toothbrush, toothpaste, hairbrush, deodorant, etc.
- Reading material
- Telephone numbers of family and friends
- Comfortable clothes to wear home-loose-fitting clothes are more comfortable and will hide any tube you may have
Since there is not much room to keep your belongings in the Ambulatory Surgery Unit (APU), they should be left with your support person or brought to the hospital after your surgery.
You should not wear any jewelry, makeup or contact lenses. Do not bring credit cards, cash, or checkbook. Eyeglasses may be needed to read and sign forms. Dental bridges or dentures can be worn and removed just before your surgery.
The Day Before Surgery
One day before your surgery you may get a telephone call from the Surgery Unit. During this call, you will be given information regarding where and what time to arrive on the day of surgery.
The Night Before and Morning of Your Surgery
You must follow the list below or your surgery may be cancelled:
- Do not eat any solid food after 8:00 PM the night before surgery
- Do not drink anything after midnight, except to take your medicine.
- Use only a sip or two of water to take any medicines your doctor orders.
- IF you smoke, try to stop smoking once surgery is scheduled.
- Take your insulin, diabetes medicine or blood pressure medicines as directed by your doctor/nurse.
The Day of Your Surgery
Tell your nurse if you have had any changes in your health - such as a cold, fever, or diarrhea - since your exam before surgery.
Changing Into a Gown: At this point, you will be taken to a dressing room to change into a hospital gown.
Anesthesia: Once you have changed into a gown, you may be offered medicine to relax you. An intravenous (IV) needle will be placed in your arm. This is for anesthesia, other medicines and fluids. Then you will be taken to the Operating Room.
The Operating Room
In the operating room you will be helped on to a table. If you've never been in an operating room before, all the equipment and activity can be disturbing.
You'll see a lot of people you've never met before. There may be a lot of noise as members of the surgical team talk to each other and set up equipment. Your surgeon may come in to say hello. If you feel cold, ask for a blanket.
Much of the equipment you see is there to take care of you:
- A blood pressure cuff will be placed on your arm.
- Wires from an electrocardiograph (EKG) machine will be put on your chest and shoulders to check your heart rate.
- A finger clip will check the oxygen in your blood and anesthesia.
- As needed, compression boots or stockings may be placed on your lower legs to help circulation. These may feel strange, but should not be uncomfortable.
- Your abdomen will be shaved and prepared for surgery.
- The anesthesiologist will give medicines through your IV tube.
- A tube may be placed in your throat after you are asleep to help you breath
If anyone is doing something that you don't understand, please ask. Once you are asleep, your surgery will begin.