What is the cervix? The cervix is the name for the lowest part of the uterus. The uterus is an organ that only women have, and it is where a baby grows and develops when a woman is pregnant. During pregnancy, the uterus has an enormous increase in size. When a woman is not pregnant, the uterus is a small, pear-shaped organ that sits between a woman's rectum and her bladder. The cervix connects the uterus with the birth canal (the vagina). The cervix can both be visualized and sampled by your doctor during a routine pelvic examination in his or her office. What is cervical cancer? Cervical cancer develops when cells in the cervix begin to grow out of control and can then invade nearby tissues or spread throughout the body. Large collections of cells that grow abnormally are called tumors. Some tumors are not cancer, because they cannot spread or threaten someone's life. These are called ... read more on Cervical Cancer: The Basics
Expert answers to common questions about cervical cancer.
Abnormal Pap With Negative HPV
Dear OncoLink "Ask The Experts," My recent pap results said I have precancerous lesions with mild dysplasia. I have read that HPV causes low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions in 85% of cases. My test came back negative for HPV, so what else could have caused this? Christina S. Chu, MD, Assistant Professor of the Division of Gynecologic
Does a combination of HPV and birth control increase your chance of cervical cancer?
Dear OncoLink "Ask The Experts," I was diagnosed with HPV. I have read several studies showing that having HPV increases your chances of cervical cancer. Recently, I read that being on birth control and having HPV will increase your chances by 60%. My question is should I stop taking birth control due to the fact of having HPV? Or is the
Reducing Risk of HPV-Related Oral Cancers
Question How can you reduce the risk of HPV related oral cancers? Answer Carolyn Vachani, RN, MSN, AOCN, OncoLink Nurse Educator, responds: That is a great question - you cannot protect yourself 100% but this previous answer talks about prevention using dental dams. Answer Gloria DiLullo, MSN, CRNP, OncoLink Content Specialist, adds: While
About Gynecologic Cancer and Lymphedema
Copyright © 2002 by the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without permission in writing from the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania What is Lymphedema? ...
About Gynecologic Cancer and Pelvic Pain
Copyright © 2002 by the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without permission in writing from the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania What is pelvic pain? ...
About Gynecologic Cancer and Sexuality
Copyright © 2002 by the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without permission in writing from the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania Because of the physical...
The Pap Test: Cervical Changes and Further Testing
Information about the pap test (smear), interpreting results and follow up testing, including colposcopy.
HPV and Cervical Cancer
Information about HPV and it's role in cancer development.
HPV Vaccine - A New Direction in Cancer Prevention: An Interview with Christina Chu, MD
An interview with Dr. Christina Chu regarding HPV vaccination.
Did You Know... The Facts About HPV?
HPV is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases in the world. By age 50, about 80% of women have been infected by some type of HPV. Most HPV infections do not cause any symptoms, therefore people are unaware that they are...
Useful External Websites
Eyes on the PrizeProvides information and emotional support from the survivors' perspective to women with gynecologic cancers, their families and friends, and healthcare providers. Has a helpful discussion board where you can "chat" with...
Review of presentations at professional meetings related to cervical cancer.
Factors influencing the uptake of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine to prevent cervical cancer (CC)
Presenter: J. Y. Lai, PhD; Division of Medical Oncology, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver, BC, Canada Background Cervical cancer is a major cause of cancer morbidity and mortality worldwide, with an estimated 11,270 new cases in the United States in 2009. Gardasil is a vaccine that has been developed to immunize patients against
Incidence of Human Papillomavirus (HPV)-Related Head and Neck Cancers in the U.S. from 1998-2003: Pre-HPV Vaccine Licensure
Presenter: M. SaraiyaPresenter's Affiliation: Centers for Disease ControlType of Session: ScientificBackground The majority of head and neck cancers are related to alcohol and tobacco use (75%). However, human papillomavirus (HPV) has been shown to be related to between 15-25% of head and neck cancers worldwide. In certain head and neck
Outcome of Radiotherapy Alone in HPV Associated Oropharyngeal Cancer
Authors: B. O'Sullivan, S. Huang, B. Perez-Ordonez, F. Liu, C. Massey, I. Weinreb, E. Chen, B. Cummings, J. Kim, J. Waldron Affiliations: Princess Margaret Hospital / University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada Background There is a growing body of evidence that Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection plays an important role in the pathogenesis
News stories related to cervical cancer prevention, screening, diagnosis and treatment.
NCI CANCERLIT® Search: Diagnosis-Histopathology-Pathogenesis of Cervical Cancer - October 2001
Women's knowledge of Pap smears, risk factors for cervical cancer, and cervical cancer. Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) at Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital: problems in pathologic evaluation. [Magnetic resonance imaging in...
NCI CANCERLIT® Search: Diagnosis-Histopathology-Pathogenesis of Cervical Cancer - September 2001
Table of Contents[Controversial categories in cytopathology of the uterine cervix. I. ASCUS: atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance][Controversial categories in cytopathology of the uterine cervix. II. AGUS: atypical glandular...
NCI CANCERLIT® Search: Screening and Prevention of Gynecologic Neoplasms - October 2001
Protecting the endometrium. Opposing the hyperplasia/malignancy potential of ERT. Vaginal bleeding patterns in women receiving hormone replacement therapy. Impact of various progestogen regimens. Tubal ligation and risk of ovarian cancer....