Signs and Symptoms of Testicular Cancer
John Han-Chih Chang, MD and Kenneth Blank, MD
Last Modified: November 1, 2001
Dear OncoLink "Ask the Experts,"
Will you please tell me what are the signs and symptoms of testicular cancer? I know a lump might be one sign, but what else could there be?
Kenneth Blank, MD, Editorial Assistant for Oncolink, respond:
Dear OncoLink Reader:
Thank you for your question.
You are correct. A lump on the testis is a sign of testicular cancer and is the most common presenting sign. However, not all testicular lumps are cancerous. Other signs and symptoms include:
- lump in either testicle; the lump typically is pea-sized, but sometimes it might be bigger
- Any enlargement of a testicle;
- A significant shrinking of a testicle;
- A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum;
- A dull ache in the lower abdomen or in the groin;
- A collection of fluid in the scrotum;
- Pain or discomfort in a testicle or in the scrotum;
- Enlargement or tenderness of the breasts.
If you feel a lump in your testis, or are concerned about any of the above symptoms, please consult your local urologist for a complete history and physical examination.