Fallopian Tube Cancer: The Basics

Author: OncoLink Team
Content Contributor: Allyson Distel, MPH
Last Reviewed: January 24, 2024

The fallopian tubes are a pair of tubes that join the ovaries to the uterus. Fallopian tube cancer is cancer that starts in the fallopian tubes. It is caused by fallopian tube cells growing out of control. As the number of cells grows, they form into a tumor.

Fallopian tube cancer that has spread from the fallopian tubes to another part of the body is called metastatic cancer.


The risks could be:

  • Infection or inflammation of the fallopian tubes.
  • Not having children.
  • Not having used birth control.
  • A family member with fallopian tube cancer.
  • Genetic mutations.

Signs of Fallopian Tube Cancer

The signs can be:

  • Vaginal bleeding or discharge.
  • Belly pain.

Diagnosis of Fallopian Tube Cancer

When your healthcare providers think you may have fallopian tube cancer, they will order tests. Here are some of the tests:

These tests are important, but a biopsy is the only way to know for sure if you have cancer. A biopsy:

  • Looks at a piece of the fallopian tube for cancer cells.
  • Is used to find out the cancer type, how normal it is (grade), and if it has spread

A pathology report sums up these results and is sent to your healthcare provider, often 5-10 days after the biopsy. This report is an important part of planning your treatment. You can ask for a copy of your report for your records.

Staging Fallopian Tube Cancer

To guide treatment, fallopian tube cancer is "staged." This stage is based on:

  • Size and location of the tumor.
  • Whether cancer cells are in the lymph nodes.
  • Whether cancer cells are in other parts of the body.

Stages range from stage I (smallest, most confined tumors) to stage IV (tumors that have spread to other parts of the body, also called metastatic cancer). The stage and type of fallopian tube cancer will guide your treatment plan.


Often, these treatments are used:

  • Surgery can be used to remove the cancer.
  • Radiation, the use of high energy x-rays to kill cancer cells, can be used before surgery to shrink the cancer.
  • Chemotherapy, the use of medications to kill cancer cells, can be given after surgery to kill any cancer cells that are still in the body.
  • Targeted therapies work against a certain target found on the cancer cells. You will be tested for certain targets to decide if these therapies are a choice for you.

This article is a basic guide to fallopian tube cancer. You can learn more about your type of fallopian tube cancer and treatment by using the links below.

Fallopian Tube Cancer

Surgical Procedures: Surgical Staging for Ovarian (Epithelial), Primary Peritoneal and Fallopian Tube Cancer Staging

American Cancer Society. About Ovarian Cancer.

Berek, J. S., Kehoe, S. T., Kumar, L., & Friedlander, M. (2018). Cancer of the ovary, fallopian tube, and peritoneum. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics143, 59-78.

DiSaia et al. (2012) Fallopian Tube Cancer (chapter 13) Gynecological Oncology Eighth Edition. Elsevier, pp. 357-368.

Hope, E. R., Maxwell, G. L., & Hamilton, C. A. (2017). Fallopian Tube Cancer. Clinical Gynecologic Oncology E-Book, 314. E. et al. (2013) Primary Fallopian tube carcinoma. European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology. 169, 155-161.

National Institute of Health. National Cancer Institute. Ovarian Epithelial, Fallopian Tube, and Primary Peritoneal Cancer Treatment PDQ. https://www.cancer.gov/types/ovarian/hp/ovarian-epithelial-treatment-pdq#link/_684 

NCCN. Clinical Practice Guidelines: Ovarian Cancer (including fallopian tube and primary peritoneal cancer). Retrieved from: https://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/pdf/ovarian.pdf

Rottmann, M., Burges, A., Mahner, S., Anthuber, C., Beck, T., Grab, D., ... & Schubert-Fritschle, G. (2017). Cancer of the ovary, fallopian tube, and peritoneum: a population-based comparison of the prognostic factors and outcomes. Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology143(9), 1833-1844.

Zweemer, R. P., Van Diest, P. J., Verheijen, R. H., Ryan, A., Gille, J. J., Sijmons, R. H., ... & Kenemans, P. (2000). Molecular evidence linking primary cancer of the fallopian tube to BRCA1 germline mutations. Gynecologic Oncology76(1), 45-50.

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