How Your Dental Visit Can Prevent or Detect Cancer
You may not think of your routine dental visit as a cancer screening test, but, in part, it is. Dentists and dental hygienists look at your mouth, tongue and surrounding tissue much more closely than you do and are most often the ones to find pre-cancerous or cancerous spots in early stages of growth.
A thorough oral cancer screening exam includes more than looking around your mouth. Your dentist will examine and feel your face, neck, lips, mouth, tongue, thyroid gland, salivary glands and lymph nodes for any abnormalities. If you have dentures or partials, they should be taken out to allow the entire mouth to be checked.
People who smoke, use smokeless tobacco, and drink alcohol are at higher risk of developing oral cancers. However, in recent years, oral cancers in younger people without these risk factors are on the rise. This is due to the high rate of human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted virus that is known to cause cancers of the oral cavity, cervix, anus, penis, vagina, and vulva (Learn more about HPV and cancer). In addition, other cases occur in people with no risk factors at all, so screening is important for everyone.
In addition to routine dental screenings, you should be aware of the potential signs of oral cancers and report these to your healthcare provider. Remember that many of these can be caused by non-cancerous (benign) conditions, but you should still visit your healthcare provider for further testing.
Signs to report:
- A sore that bleeds easily or does not heal.
- A color change of the oral tissues.
- A lump, thickening, rough spot, crust or small eroded area.
- Pain, tenderness, or numbness anywhere in the mouth or on the lips.
- Difficulty chewing, swallowing, speaking or moving the jaw or tongue.