What is Tinnitus?
Tinnitus is the medical term for hearing a sound when there is no external sound present. This sound is often described as a ringing, buzzing, or hissing in the ears. You may know tinnitus as “ringing in the ears.” It may be constant or happen every so often. The sounds may be heard in one or both ears.
Tinnitus is a possible side effect, called ototoxicity, from certain chemotherapy medications, including cisplatin, carboplatin, meclorethamine, and vincristine. Tinnitus may be temporary or permanent, depending on the dose received. It may also be associated with some degree of hearing loss. Radiation therapy to the head and neck area can cause hearing loss or make medication-related ototoxicity worse.
How can I manage my tinnitus?
Let your oncology team know about any tinnitus or hearing loss you have. If this is being caused by a medication, it is important to stop or lower the dose of the medication to prevent further damage. Some tips to coping with tinnitus include:
- Avoid caffeine as this may increase tinnitus.
- Avoid becoming over tired as this may worsen the sounds.
- Things that make “white noise” such as a fan or air conditioner can help mask the sounds. There are apps that can produce white noise as well.
Prescription medications and/or behavioral therapy may help decrease tinnitus or decrease your sensitivity to the sounds. Talk with your provider about different treatment options.
When should I call my care team?
If you have ringing, buzzing, or hissing sounds in your ears or loss of hearing, either occasional or constant, contact your care provider for testing. If you have been diagnosed with tinnitus that suddenly gets worse, contact your care provider.
Mayo Clinic. Tinnitus. 2018. Found at: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/tinnitus/symptoms-causes/syc-20350156
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders. (2017). What is tinnitus? Retrieved from https://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/tinnitus
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: National Institutes of Health. (2017). Tinnitus. Retrieved from https://medlineplus.gov/tinnitus.html