Hematuria (Blood in the Urine)

Author: OncoLink Team
Last Reviewed:

What is hematuria?

Hematuria is the medical term used to describe blood in your urine (pee). You can have blood your urine from: 

  • Urinary tract infection (UTI).
  • Bladder infection.
  • Kidney infection.
  • Enlarged prostate. 
  • Cancer (kidney, bladder or prostate).
  • Radiation treatment.
  • Chemotherapy treatments (cyclophosphamide, ifosfamide)

Symptoms of hematuria include pink, red, or brown colored urine. Hematuria is often painless.

How is hematuria managed?

Treatment of hematuria depends on what is causing it. Your care team will order tests to figure out why you are having hematuria. In the meantime, you should drink plenty of fluids. If you are getting cyclophosphamide or ifosfamide, your care team will tell you how to protect your bladder to prevent hematuria.

When should I contact my care team?

Tell your care team right away if you think you have blood in your urine, especially if you are getting chemotherapy. 

References

Cohn JA, Vekhter B, Lyttle C, Steinberg GD, Large MC. Sex disparities in diagnosis of bladder cancer after initial presentation with hematuria: a nationwide claims-based investigation. Cancer. 2014;120(4):555-61.

Gofrit ON, Katz R, Shapiro A, Yutkin V, Pizov G, Zorn KC, et al. Gross hematuria in patients with prostate cancer: etiology and management. ISRN surgery. 2013;2013:685327.

Goossens-Laan CA, Kil PJ, Ruud Bosch JL, De Vries J. Pre-diagnosis quality of life (QoL) in patients with hematuria: comparison of bladder cancer with other causes. Quality of life research : an international journal of quality of life aspects of treatment, care and rehabilitation. 2013;22(2):309-15.

Liss MA, Osann K, Cho J, Chua WC, Dash A. Severity of hematuria effects resolution in patients treated with hyperbaric oxygen therapy for radiation-induced hematuria. Urologia internationalis. 2013;91(4):451-5.

Mayo Clinic. Blood in urine (hematuria) - Symptoms and causes. Found at: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/blood-in-urine/symptoms-causes/syc-20353432

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